JUNCTIONS (INCLUDING ROUNDABOUTS)
You should be able to judge the correct speed of approach so that you can enter a junction safely and stop if necessary. Position your vehicle correctly. Use the correct lane. If you are turning right, keep as near to the centre of the road as is safe. Avoid cutting the corner when turning right. If turning left, keep over to the left and do not swing out. Watch out for cyclists and motorcyclists coming up on your left and pedestrians who are crossing. You must take effective observation before moving into a junction and make sure it is safe before proceeding.
JUDGEMENT WHEN: OVERTAKING, MEETING ONCOMING TRAFFIC, TURNING ACROSS TRAFFIC
Allow enough room when you are overtaking another vehicle. Cyclists and motorcyclists need at least as much space as other vehicles. They can wobble or swerve suddenly. Do not cut in too quickly after overtaking. Take care when the width of the road is restricted or when the road narrows. If there is an obstruction on your side or not enough room for two vehicles to pass safely, be prepared to wait and let the oncoming vehicles come through. When you turn right across the path of an approaching vehicle, make sure you can do so safely. Other vehicles should not have to stop, slow down or swerve to allow you to complete your turn.
You should position your vehicle sensibly, normally well to the left. Keep clear of parked vehicles and position correctly for the direction that you intend to take. Where lanes are marked, keep to the middle of the lane and avoid straddling the lane markings. Do not change lanes unnecessarily.
CLEARANCE TO OBSTRUCTIONS
Allow plenty of room to pass stationary vehicles and be prepared to slow down or stop. A door may open, a child may run out or a vehicle may pull out without warning. Keep a safe distance from builders skips or other large obstructions, as you may not be able to see pedestrians or workers close to the obstruction.
You should be able to recognise the different types of pedestrian crossings and show courtesy and consideration for pedestrians. At all crossings you should slow down and stop if there is anyone on the crossing. At zebra crossings you should slow down and be prepared to stop if there is anyone waiting to cross. Give way to any pedestrian on a pelican crossing when the amber lights are flashing. You should give way to cyclists at a toucan crossing as you would to a pedestrian.
POSITION FOR NORMAL STOPS
Choose a safe legal and convenient place to stop, close to the edge of the road, where you will not obstruct the road and create a hazard. You should know how and where to stop without causing danger to other road users.
AWARENESS AND PLANNING
You must be aware of other road users at all times. You should always think and plan ahead so that you can judge what other road users are going to do predict how their actions will affect you react in good time Take particular care to consider the actions of more vulnerable road users such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and horse riders. Avoid reacting to road and traffic conditions at the last moment rather than anticipating them.
You should understand the functions of all the controls and switches, especially those that have a bearing on road safety. These include: indicators, lights, windscreen wipers, demisters and heaters. You should be able to find these controls and operate them correctly when necessary without looking down.